Scotland now has more universities in the world’s top 200 per head of population than almost any other nation. The top institution in Scotland is Edinburgh, which came 27th in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings.
A spokeswoman for Universities Scotland, which represents university principals, welcomed Scotland's "strong performance" in the table, which focuses on research excellence.
She said: "With five universities in the world’s top 200 Scotland has one of the very best higher education sector in the world relative to our population.
"The benefits of that level of quality and excellence are felt much more widely than the institutions themselves. It delivers a significant return to Scotland in terms of exports, inward investment and soft power...